Asbestos Use in the Military
Asbestos is a mineral that the military used extensively from the 1930s through the 1970s. The military used it in everything from bases to vehicles to shipyards and ships. Asbestos is useful in so many ways because it adds strength to materials, resists fire and heat, and is cheap and abundant.
The Navy began stockpiling asbestos in the years leading up to World War II. This mineral was especially useful in shipbuilding, and the military needed enough to build new ships before the inevitable entry into the war.
On ships, asbestos made its way into many components:
- Insulation around pipes
- Insulation in the boiler and engine rooms
- Pumps, valves, and gaskets
- in flooring, in fireproof panels
- Fireproof protective gear.
It wasn’t until the 1970s that the health risks associated with asbestos became well known enough that its use was finally regulated and restricted.
Asbestos and Mesothelioma in Veterans
Breathing in small fibers of asbestos can cause a number of health issues, including mesothelioma. The fibers lodge in tissues inside the body and damage cells, leading to the development of cancer.
Those veterans who worked around or directly with asbestos are at the greatest risk for developing mesothelioma decades after their service ended. These include Navy veterans working in boiler rooms and those who repaired or built ships in shipyards. Any sailor working below deck before about 1990 is at risk of later asbestos illnesses.
Mesothelioma occurs after inhaled asbestos fibers cause damage to internal tissues. Not everyone exposed in this way will develop cancer, but in those who do, the symptoms don’t become apparent immediately.
The cancer begins most often in the pleural tissue around the lungs and can eventually spread to more distant areas of the body. Mesothelioma is aggressive and most often terminal.
Asbestos Illnesses Recognized by the VA
Mesothelioma is most often associated with asbestos exposure, but it is not the only related disease. There are several conditions and symptoms that the VA recognizes as being caused, at least in part, by asbestos:
- Two types of mesothelioma, pleural and peritoneal
- Lung cancer
- Cancer of the bronchus, larynx, or pharynx
- Cancer of the gastrointestinal tract
- Fibrosis in the lungs
- Pleural plaques
- Pleural effusion
For many of these conditions, excluding mesothelioma and asbestosis, there are many potential contributing factors; however, they are also associated with asbestos exposure, so the VA recognizes them in asbestos claims.
A veteran making a claim must make a case, with the assistance of a doctor, that asbestos is as likely a possible cause as other factors.
Types of Compensation Available to Veterans
For veterans diagnosed with asbestos conditions, coverage for health care is of primary importance. The VA hospital system has mesothelioma specialists, especially at the facilities in Boston and Los Angeles. Available types of compensation include:
- Disability Compensation: The VA views cancers caused by asbestos to be completely disabling. Veterans diagnosed with mesothelioma are usually eligible for full disability compensation. For non-cancerous illnesses like asbestosis and pleural plaques, tests are done to rate the degree of disability and to determine compensation.
- Special Monthly Compensation: This is typically awarded to veterans who are homebound or bed-ridden. They are disabled to the extent that they cannot take care of themselves and require assistance. Family members who care for these veterans may claim special monthly compensation as well.
- Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC): Surviving spouses of veterans who died because of a service-related disability like mesothelioma can file a claim for DIC monthly compensation. Spouses are eligible for DIC whether or not the veteran had already been receiving disability compensation. If the veteran was not, the spouse must make the case for the veteran dying of a service-and asbestos-related illness.
Amounts of Disability Compensation Awarded
The amount of disability payment a veteran may receive from the VA depends on the level of disability. For example, a lung function test may be done to determine the percentage of disability, with the lowest being ten percent, and compensation of only a couple hundred dollars each month.
How to File a Claim with the VA
To file for benefits, you must contact the VA and fill out the appropriate forms. Here are some tips to help make the process easier and to get better, faster results:
- Have updated medical records and a diagnosis of mesothelioma or other asbestos illness ready to provide with your claim.
- It will also strengthen your case to have a doctor or specialist who has already determined your illness was likely caused by asbestos exposure.
- Have your service records available to prove your exposure occurred while you were in the military.
How long it takes to get an answer on your claim depends on various factors, but it typically is between six and eight months. If your claim is denied, you have up to one year to appeal the decision.
If you are simultaneously filing a lawsuit, for example, against a manufacturer of asbestos materials that you worked with during service, it will not affect your disability claim.
As a veteran of the U.S. military or an active service member, you have a right to compensation if that service caused a disability or serious illness. By making a claim through the VA for mesothelioma or another asbestos illness, you access your rights to fair compensation. Get started soon to make sure you get an answer and start getting your benefits as soon as possible.
Page Edited by Patient Advocate Dave Foster
Dave has been a mesothelioma Patient Advocate for over 10 years. He consistently attends all major national and international mesothelioma meetings. In doing so, he is able to stay on top of the latest treatments, clinical trials, and research results. He also personally meets with mesothelioma patients and their families and connects them with the best medical specialists and legal representatives available.